Guide to Wind Load Calculation According to Eurocode

Published by rupole1185 on


Wind loads are critical considerations in the design of structures, and Eurocode provides comprehensive guidelines for calculating these loads – such as snow load. Ensuring that structures can withstand the forces imposed by the wind is crucial for safety and stability. In this guide, we’ll walk through the key steps involved in wind load calculation according to Eurocode.

Understanding Eurocode for Wind Load Calculation

The relevant part of Eurocode for wind load calculation is EN 1991-1-4, which addresses the general actions – wind actions on structures.

Steps in Wind Load Calculation According to Eurocode

1. Determine the Location:

  • Identify the location of the structure and its exposure to the wind. Eurocode defines different terrain categories (open terrain, suburban terrain, urban terrain) with corresponding roughness factors.

2. Determine the Wind Zone:

  • Use the wind map provided in Eurocode to determine the wind zone for the specific location.

3. Determine the Reference Wind Speed:

  • Based on the wind zone, determine the reference wind speed ��vb​. This is the basic wind speed at 10 meters above ground level for open terrain.

4. Adjust for Site Conditions:

  • Apply correction factors for altitude, terrain roughness, and other local factors to adjust the reference wind speed to the site conditions.

5. Calculate Wind Pressure:

6. Determine External and Internal Pressure Coefficients:

  • Based on the building geometry, determine the external and internal pressure coefficients (��Cp​ values) for each wind direction.

7. Calculate Wind Loads:

8. Consider Wind-Induced Vibrations:

  • Evaluate the potential for wind-induced vibrations, especially for tall or slender structures.
  • Implement measures such as damping systems if necessary.

9. Document the Calculation:

  • Prepare detailed documentation of the wind load calculation, including inputs, calculations, and references to relevant Eurocode clauses.
  • Include sketches or diagrams illustrating the building geometry and wind directions.

Best Practices and Considerations

  1. Quality of Data:
    • Use accurate meteorological data and wind speed information for the specific location.
  2. Terrain Considerations:
    • Pay close attention to terrain factors and adjust wind speeds accordingly.
  3. Dynamic Response:
    • Consider the dynamic response of the structure, especially for flexible or dynamic structures.
  4. Building Features:
    • Consider the impact of building features such as parapets, roof shapes, and openings on wind loads.


Calculating wind loads according to Eurocode is essential for designing structures that can withstand the forces imposed by the wind. Engineers must follow the prescribed procedures and guidelines to ensure the safety and stability of structures under various wind conditions. Always refer to the latest version of Eurocode and seek professional advice for specific or complex applications.

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Categories: Regulations


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